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Myofascial: related to myo- (muscle) and fascia (connective tissue covering the muscle)
I believe it is one of the very common pain problems. It can be caused by direct injury of the muscle, tendon, fascia, or bone, also repetitive motion of the muscle, prolonged lack of activities , abusing and misusing muscle, lack of muscle oxygenation even related to other medical/health problems (it means less oxygen available for the muscle because of a medical problem such as asthma and COPD,..).
Lots of times, it gets chronic and the pain in the joint is being referred to arthritis by mistake, while it is not true. A definite assessment is needed to see if the muscles are tight and the patient has the deep myofascial problems.
Did you have one? How did you manage that?
Using the muscle and body appropriately prevents most of the myofasial pain and problems. After the injury, you must think about preventing the exacerbations. Don't think: I won't use the muscle, it hurts. If you won't use it, it will get stiff and deconditioning will happen. See your doctor.
WebMD Health News published an article about talk therapy and self-help workbook helping patients to manage the symptoms better. By Denise Mann, 7/27/11